Using, improving and developing drylands is a very appropriate strategy and has great potential to improve the welfare of poor farmers in drylands.
Jakarta (ANTARA) – The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) continues to conduct research and develop agricultural technology for drylands, including preparing agricultural infrastructure in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), a BRIN researcher said.
“On a large scale, the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing has identified both surface water resources and groundwater resources. We have also identified water reservoirs at various locations and all water sources in NTB for various small water sources,” Dr. Ahmad Suriadi reported here on Friday.
About 100,000 hectares of potential land in NTB is being used as long-term storage, that is, for the development of water catchment areas on flat land around irrigation canals, he said. In addition, small-scale pipelines, dams and dikes have also been prepared for agricultural irrigation.
“We will use dams to distribute the water to agricultural areas,” he added.
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Produced with the technology of the Crop and Agricultural Research Center, many rice varieties have been shown to be suitable for dry land, such as Inpago 3 to 10, including Inpari 13 and Inpari 42, which are quite drought resistant varieties.
“In addition to rice, we also find drought-resistant maize, such as Bima 20 Uri and Bima 19 Uri, Dena soybeans and peanuts, which are quite resistant to drought,” Suriadi reported.
To enable the use of dry land for agriculture in NTB, researchers have also developed sprinkler irrigation technology for shallots and chili peppers, he said.
“Spray irrigation technology for shallots in the dry season has been widely used by farmers in East Lombok and Sumbawa district on Sumbawa Island. The same is true for chilli plants,” he added.
So far, only 15 to 20 percent of the 1.7 million hectares of dry land in NTB has been put into use. Suriadi said he hopes more efficient technology will support the development of the irrigation system so that the dry land in NTB can be used.
“Using, upgrading and developing drylands is a very suitable strategy and has great potential to improve the welfare of poor farmers in drylands,” he added.
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